[For the Public Health Service statement of organization, see the Federal Register of December 2, 1977, 42 FR 61317]
The Public Health Service was established by act of July 16, 1798 (ch. 77, 1 Stat. 605), authorizing marine hospitals for the care of American merchant seamen. Subsequent legislation has vastly broadened the scope of its activities.
The Public Health Service Act of July 1, 1944 (42 U.S.C. 201), consolidated and revised substantially all existing legislation relating to the Public Health Service. The basic Public Health Service legal responsibilities have been broadened and expanded many times since 1944. Major organizational changes have occurred within the Public Health Service to support its mission to promote the protection and advancement of the Nation's physical and mental health.
National Institutes of Health. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the principal biomedical research agency of the Federal Government and is a part of the Public Health Service. Its mission is to pursue knowledge to improve human health.
National Cancer Institute. The National Cancer Institute is a major component of NIH. Research on cancer is a high priority program as a result of the National Cancer Act, which made the conquest of cancer a national goal. NCI developed a National Cancer Program to expand existing scientific knowledge on cancer cause and prevention as well as on the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of cancer patients.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services | National Institutes of Health | National Cancer Institute | USA.gov
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